Peculiarities of academic writing in English
English academic style differs significantly from other styles, it is considered to be more complex and structured. Nevertheless, it is possible to master it if you know basic English and follow certain rules. It is necessary to observe the structure of the narrative:
The introduction – is a clear and short disclosure of the topic in order to introduce the reader to the subject;
the main part – retelling the existing information on the researched topic and presenting your own vision of the problem (it can be a literature review, discussion, consideration of a visual example)
conclusion – the formulation of conclusions, perspectives, and forecasts of further development of the issue under study.
Sometimes researchers include the work of additional sections: content, references, appendices, references, and words of gratitude.
In addition, it is necessary to comply with other requirements:
The idea that the author wants to convey to the reader is clearly formulated, and after reading the topic is fully disclosed, so that there are no questions.
The main idea of the scientific paper is supported by facts, and arguments.
The text is impersonal, there are no pronouns “I”, “we”.
The sentences are easily perceived and understandable from the first time.
Work is written in a certain font (most often Times New Roman, size 12, but different schools have their own requirements).
The rules of grammar, spelling, and punctuation are strictly observed. Spatial reflections that are irrelevant to the topic are absent.
The text is unique, any work is checked for plagiarism, so it is written in its own words, and quotes are made by the rules with reference to the author.
Quotations and references to the work of other scientists are only welcome, but they are used appropriately so that the reader can understand the purpose of the quotation or reference. It shows the author’s ability to conduct comprehensive research and extract the essence from other works.
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In academic writing, the observance of scientific or a mix of scientific and publicist styles is mandatory, any information must be supported by references to the research of other authors working in this direction. You should not use abbreviations without deciphering them, common words and jargon, and long and illogical sentences.
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